World Chambers Congress

13th World Chambers Congress key takeaways

  • 23 June 2023

Final 13 WCC report

The key takeaways and final report from the 13th edition of the World Chambers Congress that took place in Geneva from June 21-23 under the theme "Achieving peace and prosperity through multilateralism".

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Day 3- Future-proof sustainability

23 June 2023

Future-proofing sustainability: making the right choices

The transition to a more sustainable future is a collective responsibility that will require companies to put their supply chains under greater scrutiny and think creatively to attract the right skills. Under the theme of Future-proofing sustainability, the third and final day of the 13th World Chambers Congress in Geneva explored the risks and opportunities businesses are facing as they look to secure a sustainable and prosperous future for all.

“Ultimately, what’s the overarching objective we have here? It’s being able to conduct business in a responsible way where we have the license to operate, not from a legal point of view but from a stakeholder point of view,” said Yannick Hausmann, Non-Executive Chairman of HSBC Private Bank (Suisse) SA and incoming chair of ICC Switzerland, during the day’s opening remarks.

Responsibility and reputation

With environmental crimes increasingly in the spotlight, the opening session highlighted the reputational risks companies are facing/face if they fail to put in place the proper checks and balances in their supply chain.

Environmental crimes — ranging from illegal trade of endangered wildlife and logging of timber to fishing and extraction and trade of minerals — are the third most lucrative criminal activity after drug trafficking and counterfeiting goods, said Maria Kotsovou-Dullin, Project Administrator in the Environmental Security Programme, International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL), during the day’s opening session.

The complex supply chains used by international companies are increasingly being exploited by malignant actors, meaning organisations need to be increasingly vigilant about the provenance of goods. “Do not think that intention is required to prove liability. We see more and more cases where negligence is prosecuted,” said Ms Kotsovou-Dullin.

A host of innovative tools are now available for companies to implement proper due diligence processes. While this will undoubtedly incur costs, the reputational damage will be far greater if companies don’t comply. “Please think that in the end it’s the global sustainability and your company’s security that will pay back,” she said.

An engine of shared future growth

Making the supply chain more responsible not only protects against risks, but also represents a huge opportunity to drive prosperity for more people on the planet.

“If you want sustainable peace, you have to cultivate social justice,” said Gilbert Houngbo, Director-General of the International Labour Organization (ILO), during the session on Understanding supply chain responsibility. “The supply chain is there to increase growth and help get people out of poverty.”

A concrete example of how companies can create value for all stakeholders, and not just their shareholders, came from Giuseppe Lavazza, Chairman of coffee company Lavazza, which created a foundation in 2004 with the purpose of helping to improve the livelihoods of coffee growers.

The company now runs 53 projects involving 180,000 coffee growers in 21 countries. The objective is to improve farmers’ position in the value chain and tackle topics that are increasingly relevant for sustainable development, such as gender equality and inclusion.

Touching on the theme of multilateralism from day one, Jérôme Bellion-Jourdan, Deputy Secretary-General of the International Organisation of Employers (IOE), said that states and business needed to work hand in hand to guarantee human rights are protected in the supply chain.

He pointed to the EU’s Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Directive that will require companies to conduct due diligence on, and take responsibility for, human rights abuses and environmental harm throughout their value chain. At the same time, governments must provide support to small- and medium-sized enterprises as they navigate this new legislation so that it doesn’t inadvertently put a stranglehold on growth, he said.

Patrick Odier, Chairman of Building Bridges, highlighted the role played by the finance sector to irrigate the future economy at a time when the world is undergoing “a transformation that is as deep as the industrial revolution and as fast as the digital revolution.”

“I think there’s never been a better period to redeploy capital, and we can do it in a way that can contribute to solving some of the most pressing challenges that the planet is facing. The environmental ones, of course, but also problems in social cohesion, something that is necessary to make sure that the economic model develops in a harmonious way,” he said.

For example, the finance sector can help re-think what needs to be done to de-risk investment in certain countries and incentivize investment in certain areas, such as to regenerate land usage or provide better access to credit.

Trust and transparency

Key challenges hampering the ability of companies to have better oversight of their supply chains are lack of transparency and the multiplicity of actors involved. This presents an opportunity for blockchain technology to create a traceable digital ledger that can measure sustainable impact from the first mile to the end product, said Susanne Emonet, CEO of Farmer Connect.

“When I drink my cup of coffee, I can tell you whether I am okay with the quality or not, but I cannot tell you automatically if this comes from a deforestation zone or an area in which child labour has been involved,” she said.

To achieve true transparency and traceability over supply chains, trustworthy data will be critical. “We need to make sure that there are the right certifications, the right checkpoints, independent data points, especially on deforestation, which we track with satellite data,” said Ms Emonet.

While new technology like AI represents a huge opportunity here, panellists concluded that people play a pivotal role in driving the implementation of ethical supply chains, be that through exerting pressure on politicians and companies or voting as consumers with their wallets.

Re-imagine how you define talent

The session Getting and keeping the right people examined how finding and nurturing talent is key to company growth and competitiveness. Future employees are no longer just after a competitive salary but are searching for greater flexibility and purpose in their work. They will scrutinise potential employers to see if their values match their own.

Against the backdrop of aging populations and rapid change in the skills needed for the future of work, companies need to re-imagine how they define talent, said Sophie White, Partner at law firm Evershed Sutherland. This involves looking beyond traditional qualifications.

“What are the wider skills of these individuals? And what can we do to upskill and cross-skill them into different professions? I think if you look narrowly, it’s a very small pool of talent, but if you start thinking much wider, if you look in different places and invest in people, you’ll get the skills you need,” she said.

Carole Hubscher, President of the Board of Caran d’Ache, highlighted how the maker of art materials and writing instruments has integrated people with disabilities into their workforce for the past 15 years, adding that this had a positive impact on the entire workforce by giving others a sense of purpose.

Refugees are another huge source of untapped talent, said Kelly Clements, Deputy High Commissioner at the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Excluding Sudan, there are some 108 million forcibly displaced people worldwide, of which 35 million have left their home countries.

Too often, however, refugees find themselves unable to work and support themselves because of restrictive laws. Ms Clements called on business to advocate for a change in policy to facilitate and better integrate refugees into the workforce, as was seen last year with Ukraine, when the European Union made it possible for those fleeing the war to work.

Changing the narrative around the contributions that refugees can bring to the workforce is also essential. Ms Clements highlighted the case of Brazil that have put a seal of approval for inclusion on businesses that actively welcome refugees. IKEA also has a long-standing partnership with UNHCR to hire refugees.

“We have to think very differently about how we can support the refugee talent that is out there and really just waiting to be tapped. Not just think but act – as many businesses are already doing, with the support of UNHCR and other partners” said Ms Clements.

In the concluding keynote session of the Congress Michel Barnier, former European Union Chief Negotiator lamented the slow and gradual decline of multilateralism saying “When we witness the amount of crises we have faced in only 15 years – financial crisis migration, Brexit, Covid-19 pandemic, war in Ukraine – when we witness ravages of terrorism and conflict in Africa provoking inexorable migration, when we imagine the cost of potential confrontation in Asia, especially over fundamental technologies and raw materials … we can only advocate for multilateralism in the framework of international organisations. We must act together with no naivety, just respect. It is simply in our common interest.”

Pointing to proof points of hope for international dialogue, from the G20’s handling of the financial crisis of 2008 to the Paris Agreement on climate change of 2015, Mr Barnier said: “There is a single way to convince to advocate for our ideas and our values to defend our interests is to be together: to stay and to work at the same table.”

View Day Three photos from the 13th World Chambers Congress here or follow the conversation using #13WCC.

This wrap-up was provided by IMD, the academic partner of the 13th edition of the World Chambers Congress.

Day 2- Innovation by all and for all

22 June 2023

Innovation, but how exactly?

In a world changing ever more often and abruptly, innovating is not an option so much as a constant need for businesses, in particular micro-, small-, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs). Day two of the 13th World Chambers Congress in Geneva explored the many factors that come into play when seeking to innovate, not least the obstacles to it.

Under the theme of Innovation by all and for all, the second day’s sessions picked up right where discussions had left off on the inaugural day, centered on multilateralism: “If we want innovation to really be ‘for all’, everyone must be playing by the same rules,” said Matthew Swift, co-founder and CEO of Concordia, during the day’s opening remarks.

The public sector is not equipped — nor should it be — to properly understand innovation and the opportunities that arise from it. Therefore, it is not in the position to set up a sensible framework. What is left, then? The private sector,” said Mr Swift.

A matter of culture

Constant and sustainable innovation cannot be achieved simply by owning the tools and the knowledge necessary to generate it — at large, it is the product of a culture that enables and fosters creativity and progressive thinking. This is true for businesses of all sizes and across all industries.

“Innovation is an integrated ecosystem – our 2000 research-focused colleagues at dsm-firmenich are key drivers to ensure we are an innovative company that brings progress to life —this effort is supported by all our 30,000 employees.” Sarah Reisinger, Chief Science and Research Officer of dsm-firmenich during the panel Innovation culture and avant-garde thinking

Remaining true to a culture requires a particular commitment during times of change, whether positive or negative. It is what Dan Staner, Head of the Middle East Region and General Manager of Moderna, Switzerland, highlighted when describing the company’s reaction to the exponential growth and scrutiny observed during and off the back of the COVID-19 pandemic.

“Our plan is not to keep on growing and become ‘big pharma’. That would be contrary to our ethos of being innovative, searching alternative paths,” said Mr Staner. “So, what we did was focus on two aspects: culture and digitalisation. The culture of keeping the entrepreneurial mindset alive and the ability to explore technology’s full potential.”

A prosperous business culture must inevitably represent populational diversity and promote — intentionally promote — equity and inclusion, said Ron Busby, President and CEO of US Black Chambers Inc. (USBC), who pointed out how this is not only “the right thing to do”, but also a business argument, particularly when it comes to innovation: “It is clear that the more backgrounds and points of view are taken on board, the higher the chances of creating something new.”

The necessary steps to go digital

Digitalising processes is one of the most evident and tangible ways how innovation comes about, and it is one of the most urgent needs specifically for trade. It is a conundrum: while it is estimated that only around 1% of global trade is fully digitalised, it is also clear that in a not-so-distant future this will be simply inevitable.

The session Digital trade: what’s in it for you? brought this dichotomy to the fore by inviting different actors to share their opinions and concerns around the necessary steps to make trade fully digital.

Stephane Graber, Director General of International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations (FIATA), is the first to admit that we are still in a transition phase and that it is imperative to make it clear to businesses, across all industries, what the benefits of digitalizing are, including those that are not immediately visible. “In the field of logistics, for example, the estimate is that we could save up to $6.5 billion in transaction costs per year by eliminating paper documents, not to mention the 20,000 trees,” said Graber. “However, the challenges of implementing it are evident, in particular in a noticeably diverse and fragmented field as logistics.”

The alluded challenges to full-on digitalisation can only be overcome by the implementation of a few non-negotiable elements: the adoption must be across the entire supply chain and with unified global standards; the many existing digital trading platforms must be interoperable; and there must be robust data governance to ensure that information is trusted and verified, for example, with blockchain technology.

“We hear a lot about technological advancements and digitalisation, but the important thing is to understand, at scale and in practical terms, what this means to governments and businesses, particularly in developing markets,” said Gabriella Dorlhiac, Executive Director of ICC Brazil. “In Brazil, there are 22 regulating agencies involved in foreign trade. Any digital initiative would only succeed if the platforms adopted by each of these communicate with one another. Governments must understand and foster this process.”

Stephan Wolf, CEO of the Global Legal Entity Identifier Foundation, precisely highlighted the potential of digital global standards as a tool for inclusion of MSMEs from developing nations. “The one advantage of paper is that there is no need for technical interfaces. Pushing for the adoption of global digital identifiers is the only way to make sure that some businesses are future ready.”

Avoiding litigation for the sake of business

The increasingly fast pace with which major changes come about leaves no room for businesses, in particular MSMEs, to face operational disruptions — for example, those associated with litigation.

It is a landscape in which dispute resolution services like mediation become ever more important.

“In the face of negotiation roadblocks, it is often very helpful to have a neutral third party to bridge the gap,” said Tuuli Timonen, Director of Patent Licensing at Nokia. “This is even more evident whenever the disputing parties come from very different cultural backgrounds, something that has become more and more frequent over the last few years. Mediating can be a quicker, more culturally attuned way of reaching a satisfactory outcome.”

Businesses often struggle to identify the occasions, and the moment within each negotiation, when to propose mediation. Alison Pearsall, Member of the ICC Commission on Arbitration and ADR, defends the most straightforward of solutions to this: embed mediation into the general company policy, pledging as a first option to resolve commercial disputes before they are formally acknowledged.

The sentiment is echoed by Martin Hauser, International Commercial Mediator at Martin Hauser Mediation: “Simply put, whenever direct negotiation does not work and none of the parties is seeking a landmark decision, all commercial disputes should go to mediation first,” said Mr Hauser. “This is particularly true in many disputes related to technological innovation and intellectual property, which are dependent on economic interest and market power — that is, a same patent is worth more or less depending on whether it is in the hands of a small company or a tech giant. Mediation, as an interest-based negotiation, is perfectly suited for these situations.”

IP rights for all

Protecting the value of innovative accomplishments was at the centre of the closing session, Innovation by all and for all. The key to it: providing the means for businesses to register their intellectual property (IP) rights, regardless of their size and around the whole world.

“We are used to thinking about the usual IP powerhouses, but now they are being joined by growth engines. For example, eight out of every 10 new registered patents come from Africa, Asia, or Latin America,” said Daren Tang, Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), as he opened the session. “This calls for a more inclusive IP ecosystem, especially for women, youth, start-ups and SMEs, which represent 90% of companies and offer 70% of jobs worldwide.”

While the global scenery is dramatically changing, MSMEs’ access to the knowledge and the conditions necessary to protect their IP rights is still a work in progress. According to Christina Wainikka, Policy Expert for Intellectual Property at the Confederation of Swedish Enterprise, the vast majority of MSMEs do not look to register their IP. “And, in many ways, this is our fault, of those who are supposed to facilitate this process. Because we often talk about IP rights in very abstract terms instead of presenting it as what it is: a selling opportunity; a chance to bring additional, concrete value.”

Herself a tech entrepreneur from Africa, Rebecca Enonchong, CEO of Apps Tech, has personally experienced how developing countries tend to be seen as recipients of innovation as opposed to creators. “And this is so obviously not true. It is all a matter of harnessing the existing talent and safeguarding their accomplishments. This means, more than anything, developing the policies and mechanisms to protect MSMEs when in competition with big corporations. Because the current reality is that these companies end up simply ‘out-lawyering’ and ‘out-expensing’ them,” said Ms Enonchong.

“They are really two different worlds,” said Piotr Stryszowski, Senior Economist at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). “Take counterfeiting, for example: for big companies, it means less revenue, lower profits. For an MSME, [counterfeiting] significantly increases a deadly risk of bankrupcy. At a time when innovation is such a constant game-changer, we, as a society, must be able to offer efficient mechanisms to protect smaller businesses.”

View Day Two photos from the 13th World Chambers Congress here or follow the conversation using #13WCC.

This wrap-up was provided by IMD, the academic partner of the 13th edition of the World Chambers Congress.

Day 2: parallel sessions

The 13th World Chambers Congress’ chambers track addressed chamber issues and critical topics on the role of chambers in fostering innovation within the chamber as well as for the future of global trade. During the session, De-globalisation or de-risking? Strategies for the future of global trade, panellists unanimously stressed the significance of a practical approach to international trade for sustainable economic growth. They emphasised the need to reinforce existing rules governing international trade, establish clear dispute-settlement systems, and trust businesses by reducing unnecessary burdens and administrative requirements. The vital role of chambers in shaping national trade agendas by gathering information and advocating for business-friendly policies was also emphasised. The session, The future of Chamber Model Innovation (CMI) centred around innovation, leadership and cultural thinking within chambers of commerce. Participants highlighted the importance of tailored services for members, leveraging technology, measuring ESG impacts, and embracing failure to foster continuous innovation. CMI emerged as a powerful pathway for chambers to align services with member needs and to drive innovation. The session 60 years of ATA Carnets marked the 60th anniversary of ATA Carnets. The event highlighted the enduring value of this trade facilitation tool, which simplifies customs procedures for temporary imports and exports. Participants also explored the digital future of ATA Carnets, promising further trade process streamlining and efficiency. In A fresh look at chambers in the new entrepreneurship ecosystem, entrepreneurs were encouraged to embrace their potential and adapt to the dynamic business landscape. Chambers were acknowledged as vital supporters, providing resources and fostering an enabling ecosystem for business growth. The Congress’ chamber track emphasised that practical approaches, adaptability and collaboration are pivotal in driving economic growth and prosperity in today’s ever-changing world. Chambers of commerce play a crucial role in shaping trade agendas, promoting innovation and empowering entrepreneurs, making them key players in building a sustainable and thriving global economy.

The Congress’ fresh track was a hub of insightful, innovative and ‘fresh’ sessions that delved into crucial aspects of global trade and business growth, unlocking opportunities in various areas. One such session, Digital trade: what’s in it for you? focused on the critical role of digitalising processes in trade and the extensive benefits it offers to businesses and economies worldwide. Stressing the importance of unified global standards and robust data governance, the session sought to drive seamless adoption of digital practices. Another session, Digital transformation for SME success, highlighted the significance of digital engagement for small businesses, enabling them to tap into new markets, streamline operations and enhance overall performance. Encouraging SMEs to invest in appropriate technologies for sustainable growth, the session inspired them to embrace digital transformation. Furthermore, the Business leaders’ well-being for sustainable leadership session explored the importance of supporting the mental well-being of leaders, recognising that it can boost productivity, foster loyalty and create a positive workplace environment. The session addressed the need to break down mental health stigma among leaders, underscoring the importance of well-being for sustainable and effective leadership. In addition, the session titled Chambers: wake up, your CO issuing role is changing! Shed light on the evolving role of chambers in Certificate of Origin certification. Recent FTAs are increasingly adopting self-certification by exporters. This method is now available in 70% of all FTAs negotiated. The role of chambers would need to change in the future but they can still have an advisory role in assisting their company members in the origin determination of goods exported. Darlan Fonseca Marti, Trade Policy Specialist at the World Trade Organization (WTO), said: Whether or not self-certification always leads to trade facilitation is a complex question because the answer might be context-specific or agreement-specific. However, there is undoubtedly a clear trend to use self-certification more often. Self-certification is now a reality. In that context, the question really is how chambers can rethink their role to remain relevant and continue to promote trade facilitation.” Overall, the Fresh track and its sessions showcased the need for modernisation of crucial areas in business, like digital trade, SME transformation, leadership well-being, and chamber roles, all aimed at shaping a brighter global future.

The sessions of the business track addressed crucial aspects of modern business with valuable insights and practical advice. Cybersecurity for business, everything you need to know offered expert guidance and firsthand experiences from a hacked organisation, emphasising the importance of education, sufficient security measures and reliable providers to protect against cyber threats. Diversity and inclusion as a foundation for successful business highlighted the competitive edge that diverse workforces provide, fostering a culture of inclusion and navigating the global business landscape effectively. In Act on the data: measure your MSME for net zero, businesses were encouraged to set ambitious climate targets and manage data to move towards a net-zero future, unlocking competitive advantages, reducing costs, and managing risks. Additionally, Keeping business moving: the role of dispute resolution services in preventing and supporting business operational continuity underscored the importance of proactive dispute resolution strategies, efficient methods like arbitration and mediation, and the adaptability of ICC dispute resolution services to meet the specific needs of smaller businesses: Businesses often struggle to identify the occasions and the moment within each negotiation, when to propose mediation. Alison Pearsall, a member of the ICC Commission on Arbitration and ADR highlighted the most straightforward of solutions to this: embed mediation into the general company policy, pledging as a first option to resolve commercial disputes before they are formally acknowledged. This sentiment was echoed by Martin Hauser, International Commercial Mediator, Martin Hauser Mediation: Simply put, whenever direct negotiation does not work and none of the parties is seeking a landmark decision, all commercial disputes should go to mediation first,said Mr Hauser. In a nutshell, the Congress business track provided a comprehensive platform for valuable discussions and practical solutions to address challenges and unlock opportunities in cybersecurity, diversity, net-zero efforts and dispute resolution for businesses worldwide.

The Congress’ regional track encapsulated sessions specialised in regional matters. The regional track kicked off with two sessions in French. During the first French session titled La francophonie des affaires, participants acknowledged the vast potential of the Francophone business community, encompassing over 400 million speakers, 9 million enterprises, and 88 member states. The session underscored the need for concerted efforts to capitalise on this potential and develop a network of Francophone value chains. Speakers highlighted the importance of empowering businesses to seize opportunities within the Francophone market and optimise their competitiveness on the global stage. The next Francophone session, L’espace francophone numérique highlighted the gradual integration of Artificial Intelligence into daily economic life, offering numerous sustainable development and innovation opportunities for SMEs. The session highlighted that the development of these new digital and virtual platforms has predominantly been in English-speaking regions. It also emphasised the importance of the Francophone world in creating its own versions and content for AI for its adequate use. The entirely Swiss session Diversifying revenue streams provided insights from three Swiss representatives on the importance of diversifying business activities and how to achieve success in this endeavour. The key focus was on striking a balance between internalising and externalising processes while avoiding the dispersion of resources and finances. The Transnational chambers between macro and micro session featured influential leaders from various transnational chambers of commerce and industry. Each leader presented their region’s approach to addressing major trade and economic developments, emphasising innovation and inclusion. In conclusion, the regional track of the Congress delved into specialised sessions focused on regional matters, showcasing the immense potential and opportunities specific to each region highlighted.

Day 1- Demystifying multilateralism

21 June 2023

Re-imagine globalisation to make it beneficial for all 

With rising geopolitical tensions and protectionism threatening co-operation between countries and international organisations, the first day of the 13th World Chambers Congress in Geneva tackled the theme of multilateralism, and the role business can play to make it work for everyone, everywhere, every day. 

In the opening session on Uniting business globally, improving lives locally, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, Director-General World Trade Organisation (WTO), called for business leaders to speak up for “re-globalisation.” 

“We must push back against the pressures for global economic fragmentation, which will be costly, and could well weaken supply chain resilience,” said Ms Okonjo-Iweala. “A better path forward is what we’re calling re-globalisation: deeper, more de-concentrated markets achieved by bringing more people and places from the margins of the global economy to the mainstream.” 

Recent crises such as the global pandemic have exposed the perils of clustering certain economic activities, such as vaccine manufacturing, in the hands of just a few countries, she said. To overcome this hurdle, businesses should re-assess their appetite for risk and diversify into previously overlooked parts of the world to build more resilience into supply chains and make the gains from trade more inclusive. 

Echoing Ms Okonjo-Iweala, Philippe Varin, First Vice-Chair of the International Chamber of Commerce stressed that functioning multilateralism was essential for the technological innovation needed to tackle some of the world’s biggest challenges, such as climate change, and increase the prosperity of everyone on the planet. 

Business can play an essential role in shaping multilateralism by providing a “reality check” of what is happening on the ground, he said. Mr Varin also called on business to be bolder in embracing the opportunities presented by ESG and noted the need for more inclusive boards and executive teams inside multinational corporations to improve the understanding between the Global North and Global South. 

John W.H. Denton AO, Secretary General of ICC concluded the session saying that ICC with its World Chambers Federation was the inclusive representative of global business and enabling platform to drive “reglobalisation”. 

Multilateralism for the 21st century 

There has never been a greater need for multilateralism, said Tatiana Valovaya, Director General of the United Nations Office Geneva in a session on Chambers and business: 21st century merchants of peace. But she stressed that this process needs to consider the voices of more member states and women’s groups to become more inclusive. 

Panelists agreed that the private sector needs to play a major role in shaping global governance rules. With MSMEs responsible for 90% of global trade, it is important to amplify their voices, said Executive Director of the International Trade Center Pamela Coke-Hamilton. 

How to connect MSMEs to the benefits of international trade was the topic of the next session on Facilitating trade: partnering for global growth. 

A lack of a unified system for exporting goods and services, information discrepancies, and high import duties are hampering MSMEs access to global markets, said Mohammad Ali Rashed Lootah, President and CEO Dubai Chambers.   

One potential solution is digitalisation, said Eric Loeb, Executive Vice-President Salesforce which can act as an “equalizer for organisations of smaller scale” by enabling them to access the same platforms of larger corporations. Artificial Intelligence also has a role to play in helping MSMEs overcome the lack of access to information and expertise, he said. 

A fragmentation of the digital space and a lack of technological skills, however, could pose further challenges, said Arancha González Laya, Dean of the Paris School of International Affairs (PISA), Sciences Po. Mr Lootah added that it was important to involve the private sector, including MSMEs, in any discussions on policy reforms. 

Push back against the pushback 

Voicing her concerns that trade was increasingly becoming the scapegoat for domestic issues in many countries, Ms González Laya issued a clarion call for chambers to become more vocal about the value of international trade to generate jobs, growth, and innovation, as well as to increase competitiveness. She urged business to make the case for a level playing field at the global level and to advocate for strong social security nets in their own countries. 

“If people feel insecure, if they see inequality rising, they will blame international trade,” she said. “Push back against the pushback on trade. That’s your mission!” 

Arancha González Laya, Dean of the Paris School of International Affairs (PISA), Sciences Po.

For small companies considered “too small to matter”, it is crucial that they can enjoy the advocacy of organisations like ICC because they are not significant enough for countries to protect, said Marjorie Young, Chair of Esquel Group, in a session on Multilateralism in times of disruption: double back to move forward.  

“It is important for us to thrive because we are small enough to understand each member of our community and take care of them,” “For inclusive growth, too small to matter companies play an important role.” said Ms Young.

In the next five years we will have as much change caused by technological progress as we have had in the last 20 years, said Klaus Schwab, Founder and Executive Chairman of the World Economic Forum. 

Faced with this disruption in a multipolar world, organisations will have to concentrate on the issues that are top of their concerns, be this international trade or the regulation of new technologies and work together with all stakeholders, he added.  

John W.H. Denton AO, Secretary General of the International Chamber of Commerce, said there was a growing realisation that the private sector was needed to solve these global problems. “The private sector can no longer be an observer of the world. Through ICC they will be the legitimate player at the table,” he said.  

Mr Schwab agreed, noting that business had a big chance to make its voice heard on a range of issues such as the governance of technology and to actively shape policies from the start. 

To do so, the private sector needs to be given legitimacy in multilateral forums, said Denton. “We have a right to be there because of the role we play in driving the global economy and providing employment,” he said, adding: “If we are not, the spaces that need to be filled with sensible policymaking will be left vacant. And we need to enable sensible policymaking to enable business worldwide to do what it does best which is enable peace, prosperity and opportunity for all.” 

Building on the theme of how business can drive peace and prosperity, one of the final sessions of the day examined the role of commerce in securing a peaceful future for Ukraine. 

Gennadiy Chyzhykov, President of the Ukrainian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, described how 85% of businesses had continued operating in the country despite the war, while Taras Kachka, Deputy Minister of Economy Ukraine, said the country’s “economic engine” was a key part of maintaining the resilience of society. 

Meanwhile, some six million Ukrainians are currently living abroad, said Inna Malaia, Founder and CEO Bevel World. With 80% of those Ukrainians expressing a desire to go back to their home country, it’s important that they are given the chance to grow their skills and have access to the job market while displaced.  

“There are heroes that are fighting for the country on the frontline, but there are also the heroes that will rebuild the economy during the post-war recovery,” she said. 

The first day of the congress ended on high note with the unveiling of the Geneva Manifesto, a pledge by chambers of commerce to revitalise international trade with a renewed commitment to multilateralism for peace and prosperity. The manifesto was revealed during a symbolic signing ceremony led by ICC Chair Maria Fernanda Garza, ICC Secretary General John W.H. Denton AO, and CCIG Director General Vincent Subilia.  

View Day One photos from the 13th World Chambers Congress here or follow the conversation using #13WCC.

This wrap-up was provided by IMD, the academic partner of the 13th edition of the World Chambers Congress.